Thursday, 7 June 2018

In case you missed it... Let remember the Legend a day late!!!!

On June 7th, 109 years ago Dr Virginia Apgar was born. She is well known American anesthesiologist for creating the 'Apgar Score' that determines the health of a newborn baby. Being the first female professor at Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons (P&S) in 1949, she eventually had grabbed many commendable accolades. It was a time when infant mortality rate was quite high. Her distinguished invention of the “Apgar Score” added a new dimension to the field of neonatology. She had co-authored a book named “Is my baby all right?” which discusses various facets of birth defects and its treatment.

The Apgar Score
Since its discovery in 1952, it had taken the centre stage to determine new-born baby’s health. It is henceforth used by all doctors to assess the first few moments of the baby after his welcome to this world. In the labour room, the score is declared which lets the doctor know whether the baby is normal or needs special care. The Apgar score is split into 5 categories, where each category gets 0 to 2 points depending on the child's condition.
The categories are:
Point 0
Point 1
Point 2
A- Activity or muscle tone
Muscle tone is limp of floppy
The limbs are flexed
Active movement Present
P- Heart rate or Pulse
Absent pulse
Less than 100 beats per minute
More than 100 beats per minute
G- Grimace or Response to stimulation
Response to stimulation is Absent
Facial movement Present
Coughing, sneezing, crying or withdrawal of foot with stimulation is Present
A- Appearance
Blue, bluish-grey or pale all over
the Pink body but in extremities of blue
All over pink baby
R- Respiration or Breathing
Respiration or breathing is absent
Respiration is irregular and is coupled with weak crying
Breathing is good along with strong crying

The Apgar score is recorded at an interval of 5 minutes. Generally, the score of 7-10 is considered normal. Below that, the baby needs special treatment. It has been observed that baby with complicated delivery or a caesarean baby has a low Apgar score.

Friday, 18 May 2018

Stop Polio, Vaccinate!!!

Poliomyelitis, regularly called polio or childish loss of motion is an irresistible illness caused by the poliovirus. Polio is an infectious viral disease which affects mainly children. The virus is easily transmitted through contaminated food and water where it can invade the nervous system and leads to paralysis. Among the paralyzed some die when breathing muscles become immobilized. In around 0.5 percent of cases, there is muscle shortcoming bringing about a powerlessness to move. This can happen over a couple of hours to a couple of days. The shortcoming frequently includes the legs, however, may less ordinarily include the muscles of the head, neck and diaphragm. Many yet not all individuals completely recover. In those with muscle shortcoming around 2 to 5 percent of kids and 15 to 30 percent of grown-ups die. Another 25 percent of individuals have minor manifestations, for example, fever and a sore throat and up to 5 percent have a migraine, neck firmness and torments in the arms and legs. These individuals are for the most part back to typical inside maybe a couple weeks. In up to 70 percent of contaminations, there are no symptoms. Years after recuperation post-polio disorder may happen, with a moderate advancement of muscle shortcoming like what the individual had amid the underlying infection.

Poliovirus is normally spread from individual to individual through contaminated faecal issue entering the mouth. It might likewise be spread by nourishment or water containing human dung and less ordinarily from tainted saliva.  Those who are contaminated may spread the ailment for up to a month and a half regardless of whether no manifestations are present. The illness might be analyzed by finding the infection in the excrement or identifying antibodies against it in the blood. The sickness just happens normally in humans.

For More discussions on Poliomyelitis join us at “21st Global Summit on Pediatrics, neonatology & Primary Care” during July 16-17, 2018 at Dubai, United Arab Emirates.

Friday, 11 May 2018

Nappy Rash or Irritant diaper dermatitis: Pediatrics Meet 2018

Irritant diaper dermatitis is a non-specific term connected to skin rashes in the diaper zone that are caused by different skin issue and additionally aggravations. One of the leading organization collected information about nappy rash using self-completed questionnaires answered by parents at the end of the first four weeks of their baby’s life. The study found that 25% of the babies had experienced napkin dermatitis.
The organization has a comprehensive clinical knowledge summary on nappy rash here. Salient points:
  • Skin swabs are not recommended for the management of nappy rash as the results are difficult to interpret.
  • Both Candida and bacteria (such as Staphylococcus aureus) colonize healthy skin and a skin swab may be positive when infection is not present.
  • A swab should only be taken when a secondary bacterial infection is suspected, to guide the choice of antibiotic.

The issue would be discussed more at our upcoming conference event “21st Global Summit on Pediatrics, Neonatology & Primary Care” during July 16-17, 2018 at Dubai, UAE revolving around the theme, “Probing LatestTrends in Pediatrics, Neonatology & Primary Care
  • Consider using nappies with the greatest absorbency (for example, disposable gel matrix nappies)
  • Leave nappies off for as long as is practically possible. Clean and change the child as soon as possible after wetting or soiling. Use water, or fragrance-free and alcohol-free baby wipes.
  • Dry gently after cleaning — avoid vigorous rubbing.
  • Bath the baby every day — but sidestep extreme bathing which may dehydrate the skin.
  • Do not use the cleanser, bubble bath, or cosmetics. Advise about skin care.
  • Prescribe a barrier arrangement to apply thinly at each nappy removal, to defend the skin. Zinc and Castor Oil ointment BP or Metanium ointment is prescribed. Alternatively, white soft paraffin BP lotion or dexpanthenol 5% ointment (Bepanthen) could be used.
  • For children over 1 month of age, consider directing thematic hydrocortisone 0.5% or 1% cream once a date for 7 days max.

Monday, 16 April 2018

Hand, Foot & Mouth Disease: What you need to know: Pediatrics Meet 2018

News of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) has made its timely entrance into the news cycle. Since an American University experienced an outbreak of the viral infection last year, there has been heightened awareness surrounding the virus, its symptoms, and its causes. And, unless you or a family member has been infected with it in the past, you may be wondering, too.
The symptoms of HFMD
Some of HFMD’s symptoms—like a fever and sore throat or difficulty swallowing—aren’t anything alarming and might make you think it’s a case of strep throat, a cold or the flu. However, HFMD is also often accompanied by painful mouth sores, and flat red spots or blisters on different areas of the body, including hands, legs, feet, elbows and even the genital area. If little red spots popping up is observed in these areas or experiencing throat and mouth pain, it’s typically a sign of HFMD.
How is it transmitted?
HFMD is easy to perceive and easy to share. The virus is dispersed through intimate touch, which could be something as easy as hugging, kissing, or shaking hands with an infected individual.
The transmission of bodily fluids can also lead to a diagnosis, so it would be better to limit the sharing of cups or silverware and washing of hands thoroughly after using the bathroom or changing a child’s diaper.
If you’re diagnosed with HFMD, make sure to keep coughs and sneezes to yourself, wash your hands often with soap and warm water, and try to be as diligent as possible about wiping down areas or objects that you may have touched to prevent the spread of infection.
Although it is most common among children—and especially easy to transmit in places like daycares and school classrooms—HFMD can affect anyone of any age.
Preventive measures to HFMD?
Washing hands often and thoroughly, especially before preparing a meal, after going to the bathroom or changing a diaper, and making person-to-person contact during the months when an outbreak is more likely.
Clean and disinfect toys, counters, and other objects/surfaces regularly. In classrooms and daycares, and even at home, the infection can be spread easily. Keep yourself and others protected by using disinfectant to clean often-used objects and surfaces.
Avoiding close contact with those who are infected with HFMD. If you need to make close contact with someone with HFMD, follow the steps above to prevent it from spreading.
If you think you or a loved one may have been diagnosed with HFMD, call your pediatrician or family physician to report your symptoms. You should also alert other individuals, like teachers or babysitters, about the diagnosis so that they can begin prevention tactics and look for symptoms in others.

Today's Blog unveiled the upcoming “21st Global Summit on Pediatrics, Neonatology & Primary Care” which is being held on 16th and 17th July 2018 at Dubai, UAE. Pediatrics Meet 2018 is expected to give in-vogue pediatrics' phase to Clinical Pediatricians, enlisted and diverse pros and understudies working in the field to consider, exchange views and their experiences before an extensive worldwide social occasion of individuals. The social gathering welcomes Presidents, CEO's, Delegates and present-day authorities from the field of Pediatrics, Neonatology, Healthcare, Primary Care and other relevant administration positions to participate in these sessions, B2B get together and board talks.

For More:

Sunday, 8 April 2018

What happens when kids don’t eat breakfast?- Pediatrics Meet 2018

Breakfast skipping is common amongst children and adults in western international places. Teen girls are the least probably to eat in the morning. A examine of 10,000 children and younger people observed that about 20% of children and greater than 31% of youngsters skipped breakfast often.
The motives given for no longer consuming breakfast are commonly bad time management or lack of appetite. However, it’s additionally linked to parental effect whether a figure does or doesn’t devour breakfast impacts whether or not or not their children will.

Fitness-compromising behaviours and awful existence have additionally been related to breakfast skipping in young human beings. Smoking, alcohol, and caffeine intake are more likely amongst those who hardly ever consume breakfast. because of the significance of a superb breakfast and the association with mental alertness amongst kids, breakfast golf equipment is getting increasingly every day in number one faculties. To evaluate the efficacy of school feeding packages decided that many applications are finished so as to cope with the dietary deficiencies that have an effect on thoughts boom and performance in university college students.

Consuming conduct shaped in formative years hold into maturity. Consequently, awful nutritional styles amongst young human beings have crucial implications for their existence-prolonged health and well-being. due to the truth parental effects can decide whether or no longer youngsters and young adults consume breakfast, encouraging mother and father to consume breakfast often can play an essential position in getting children to devour inside the morning.

More will be discussed at our upcoming global summit on Pediatrics, Neonatology & Primary Care.

For More:

Monday, 2 April 2018

Computerized Tomography: Pediatrics Meet 2018

Children's (Pediatric) CT (Computed Tomography)
Pediatric computed tomography (CT) is a fast, painless diagnostic Process that uses special x-ray tools to produce complete photographs of your child’s blood vessels, bones, soft tissues and internal organs. It may be used to help diagnose abdominal pain or evaluate injury after trauma.
What is Children's CT?
Most commonly known as a CT or CAT scan, is an indicative therapeutic test that, like conventional X-rays, generates multiple images or pictures of the core of the body.
The cross-sectional illustrations produced during a CT scan can be reformatted in various planes, and can even produce three-dimensional images. These photographs can be observed on a computer monitor, printed on film or transferred to a CD or DVD.
CT pictures of internal organs, delicate tissue and veins give more prominent part than regular X-rays, particularly of blood vessels acnes.
CT scan might be directed on babies, new-born children and young people.

Some common uses of the system: 

  • CT is utilized to help analyze a wide assortment of circumstances because of torment or weakness.
  • CT may also be performed to evaluate blood vessels throughout the body.
  • CT is the most commonly used imaging method for evaluating the chest
  • It is used to obtain very detailed pictures of the heart and blood vessels in children, even newborn infants.
  • CT is well-suited for imaging diseases or impairment of vital organs in the stomach including the kidney, spleen and the liver.
  • CT scans can help in detect sores or tumours in the pelvis and assess for masses in the urinary region
  • CT is an added example of new medical technology to help doctors specifically to diagnose disease. Patients with heart disease require specific diagnoses, and they frequently want them quick.

Friday, 16 March 2018

Congenital Heart Defect (CHD): Pediatrics Meet 2018

A congenital heart defect (CHD), also known as a congenital heart anomaly or congenital heart disease, is a problem in the structure of the heart that is present at birth. Signs and side effects rely upon the sort of issue. Side effects can fluctuate from none to perilous. At the point when introduce they may incorporate fast breathing, pale blue skin, poor weight gain, and feeling tired. It doesn't cause chest torment. Most intrinsic heart issues don't happen with different maladies. Difficulties that can come about because of heart abandons incorporate heart disappointment.
The reason for an innate heart imperfection is regularly obscure. Certain cases might be because of contaminations amid pregnancy, for example, rubella, utilization of specific prescriptions or medications, for example, liquor or tobacco, guardians being firmly related, or poor dietary status or corpulence in the mother. Having a parent with an intrinsic heart imperfection is additionally a hazard factor. A few hereditary conditions are related to heart absconds including Down disorder, Turner disorder, and Marfan disorder. Inborn heart deserts are isolated into two primary gatherings: cyanotic heart surrenders and non-cyanotic heart abandons, contingent upon whether the youngster can possibly hand somewhat blue over shading. The issues may include the inside dividers of the heart, the heart valves, or the vast veins that prompt and from the heart.

Congenital heart defects are partly preventable through rubella inoculation, the adding of iodine to salt, and the adding of folic corrosive to certain sustenance items. A few imperfections needn't bother with treatment. Other might be successfully treated with catheter-based methods or heart surgery. Sporadically a few tasks might be required. Occasionally heart transplantation is required. With suitable treatment, results are for the most part great, even with complex issues.
Heart abandons are the most widely recognized birth imperfection. In 2015 they were available in 48.9 million individuals universally. They influence about 4 and 75 for every 1,000 live births relying on how they are analyzed. Around 6 to 19 for each 1,000 reason a direct to the extreme level of issues. Inborn heart abandons is the main source of birth imperfection related passings. In 2015 they brought about 303,300 passings down from 366,000 passings in 1990.